Louvre is one of the largest art museums of the world and its one of the historic monument of Paris too. Right Bank of Seine is its current location and has become one of the central landmarks of the city. The louvre museum is spread over an area of 72,735 square meters and exhibits around 38,000 objects. Starting from the prehistoric era, the louvre museum exhibits objects up to the 21st century. It became the museum with the highest number of visitors with 10.2 million in 2018. The exact location of this museum is in the louvre palace which dates back to the 13th century. The basement of the museum still has the remains of this palace.
The museum first started on 10th August 1793 and at this point it had only 537 paintings. The exhibits were mainly royal and church properties. From 1796 until 1801, this museum remained closed due to problems with its structures. During the Napoleon era, the number of exhibits increased and the name of the museum was changed to Musee Napoleon. Post Napoleon, all the exhibits that had been seized by his army was returned back to their rightful owners. The louvre museum went up to 20,000 exhibits under the second French Empire. Thereafter, it steadily grew since the Third Republic through donations and legacy. The entire earnings of this museum are divided amongst its eight departments.
The Start Of Louvre Museum
On the first death anniversary of the monarch the museum first opened its gate of 10th August 1973. On three days in every week, the museum gave free access to the general public. It became a matter of great appreciation among the country’s population. In its first opening ceremony the museum had 184 art object and 537 paintings on display. The royal collections formed three quarters of its display while the rest were seizures from the church properties. Since then the Republics had been contributing 100,000 livres each month towards the maintenance of the museum.
To establish louvre as a museum, the French revolutionary army started to bring works from the Vatican in 1797. Early stages for the museum were troublesome as all the works did not have proper arrangement system. The famous artists had visibility but the works of the little known where hung in frames from the ceiling to the floor. To rectify this defective arrangement, the museum was shut down in May 1976. On 14th July 1801 it reopened with proper arrangement system and new columns and light systems.
Currently, the louvre museum has displays 35,000 works and 460,000 works from their eight departments. The museum has 7,500 works from the painting collections. These paintings comprise of 1200 European artists and two-third French artists. Francis was the main person who started the collection of the paintings which were primarily from the Italian masters. The louvre museum also has 8,600 original royal collections in form of prints and drawings.
There are three entrances to the museum with a pyramid at the main entrance. There is an underground shopping mall just below the main entrance. Video recorders and cameras are allowed inside but there is restriction on flash photography.